1. 1890s:Early variations: Cuban Danzon; Cuban Danzon Recording Session
      2. 1890s: Early variations: PR Danza by Piano
        1. PR Danza by Orchestra
      3. 1920s: Cuban son montuno
      4. 1920s: Cuban Rhumba
      5. 1920s Cuban guaracha
      6. 1930s: Puerto Rican Island guaracha
      7. 1930s: Puerto Rican  band version of plena, by Canario y su Grupo
      8. 1920s-1930s: PR big bands already in Place in NYC!
        1. Augusto Coen, from Harlem Jazz to his own band
        2. Cesar Concepcion brings Plena to the NY Mix…and returns to PR
      9. Old constant with influence: PR Piano
      10. Old constant with influence: PR trios
      11. PR components since 1910s
        1. First NYC fusion: From NY, Island style Guaracha, Rafael Hernandez
        2. Plena Recording in NY 1920s and 1930s, returns to PR: Canario
        3. PRs in Harlem Jazz: Juan Tizol (trombone and composer) with Duke Ellington Band
      12. Harlem Jazz: Cuban dialogues since 1930s
        1. Dizzy Gillespie and Machito
        2. Charlie Parker and Machito
      13. Cuban Music innovated in 1940s, production and variation peak: 1950s from conjuto to sexteto to septeto to big bands
        1. The man: growing the band plus a strong baseline:  Arsenio Rodriguez
      14. Big Bands
        1. Machito and his afrocubans
      15. 1950s: New York Mambo—big band plus big percussion plus big brass
        1. Machito
        2. Tito Puente
        3. Tito Puente: percussion heavy, dance version
        4. Tito Rodriguez
          1. Big band perfection
      16. Mambo marketing via jazz fusion, early
        1. Puente and Machito
      17. Competittion
      18. Santeria and explicit references to African-descent culture and religion
        1. Machito
        2. Pedrito invokes the deities
        3. ..with the drums
      19. 1950s: cha cha cha,
      20. 1960s: The hybrid forms take off in NYC
      21. 1960s: charanga, from Danzon
      22. 1960s: pachanga, a marketing device, from charanga
      23. 1960s: Latin soul and boogaloo
      24. 1970s: Latin funk
      25. Latin Bogaloo becomes funky hip hop: Joe Bataan
      26. 1930s-1970s: Latin Jazz, a constant
        1. 1950s, 1960s: Cal tjader
        2. 1960s: Palmieri and Tjader
        3. 1970s: Ray Barreto
        4. 1970s, 1980s: Tito Puente
      27. All mixed together with Jazz: Barreto
      28. 1970+ Salsa, from all!
        1. Barreto
        2. Early: Lavoe with Fania
        3. High point: ¡!
      29. Latino Opera: Fusion of all: Hommy (Larry Harlow)
      30. Manny Oquendo keeps it real:  conjunto + charanga + trombones
      31. Against Salsa: NY goes old school and back to Basics
      32. All above with English lyrics
      33. Permanent genres: Merengue
      34. Permanent genres: Boleros
        1. Older, 1940s?
        2. Newer, 1970s
      35. Post 1980:
        1. Latin Mixers/samplers and DJ’s
        2. Hip Hop
        3. Boy bands: Menudo
        4. Crossover Latin Pop: Miami Sound Machine,
        5. Latin House
        6. Freestyle
      36. Post 2000
        1. Latino music is dead…ask me why.